Что такое Ацидоз

Что такое Ацидоз

Ацидоз – это повышение кислотности, другими словами смещение кислотно-щелочного баланса в сторону сокращения pH.

Когда организм является здоровым, продукты окисления кислот не задерживаются на длительное время, а быстро удаляются. Но в период голодания, беременности, пищеварительных расстройствах, лихорадочных болезних возможны отличия в их выведении, в следствии чего кислоты  задерживаются в организме. Вследствие чего в моче появляется ацетон и ацетоуксусная кислота, а при сахарном диабете вполне вероятно даже состояние комы.

Существует множество различных видов ацидоза, классифицируемых по разным признакам:

По происхождению. Данная систематизация является более важной, потому что избавление от причины может помочь освободиться и от самого ацидоза.

  • Газовый ацидоз может вставать при недостающем дыхании, а еще при вдыхании воздуха с увеличенной концентрацией углекислого газа.
  • Негазовый ацидоз может вставать по нескольким причинам. Первая из них — скопление продуктов окисления в тканях в следствии недостающего их разрушения или связывания, в этой ситуации говорят о метаболическом ацидозе, также причиной может являться недостающее выделение почками нелетучих кислот (почечный ацидоз), и вступление в организм очень большого количества кислотных веществ или веществ, которые образуют кислоты в следствии обмена веществ, в этом случае – это экзогенный ацидоз.

Зависимо от водородного показателя:

  • Некомпенсированный ацидоз содержит место за это время, когда водородный показатель ниже нормы, другими словами 7,24. Данное изменение приводит к нарушениям деятельности ЦНС, что имеет место быть в потерях сознания, сонливости, головокружениях, вызывает расстройства ЖКТ и сердечнососудистой системы.
  • При субкомпенсиированном ацидозе pH крови составляет от 7,34 до 7,25. Данное состояние может приводить к нарушению работы сердца и сосудов, вызывая даже сердечную аритмию, отдышку. Также может развиваться понос и рвота.
  • Возмещенный ацидоз характеризуется нижней границей pH на уровне порога физиолгической нормы, которая составляет 7, 35. Т. о., при данном виде кислотно-щелочной баланс ниже не опускается. Для него типично учащение сердцебиения, увеличение кровяного давление и учащение дыхания.

Изменение кислотности до обычного уровня вполне вероятно лишь при устранении причины ацидоза, например, при разсыпчастый белый сахарном диабете — нехватка инсулина, для симптоматического лечения может употребляться богатое питье и прием пищевой соды вовнутрь.

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